Know about European Parliament

Posted: June 7, 2009 in politics
Tags: , ,

The last day of voting was under way on Sunday in a European Parliament election. And as a political science student a few details published by Reuters caught my attention. Here are some facts about the election and the Assembly.

1. More than 375 million people are eligible to vote in the 27 European Union member states. Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden were voting on Sunday. Britain and the Netherlands voted on Thursday, Ireland on Friday, and Latvia, Cyprus, Malta and Slovakia on Saturday. The Czech Republic voted over two days on Friday and Saturday. Italy also held a first day of voting on Saturday. Voting is by secret ballot. The first results from all countries are due to be released only after 2000 GMT, when voting has ended in all member states. Since the last election in 2004, Romania and Bulgaria have joined the EU.

2. The voters choose 736 members of parliament (MEPs) for a five-year term. Each member state is allocated a number of representatives based on the size of its population. Germany, which has the largest population, will have the largest number of MEPs after the election (99), followed by Britain, France and Italy with 72. Malta will have the fewest — five. Once in parliament, MEPs are grouped according to their political alliance. After this election each group must have a minimum of 25 MEPs representing at least seven member states. The number of MEPs in the outgoing parliament was 783. The main force was the European People’s Party and European Democrats, followed by the Party of European Socialists and then the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats. Under the EU’s Lisbon reform treaty, which will eventually go into force after the election if it is approved by all member states, the number of MEPs would rise temporarily to 754.

3. The European Parliament is one of the three main EU institutions and its role is to represent the interests of EU citizens. The other main institutions are the Council of the European Union and the European Commission.
The Council is the EU’s main decision-making body, has one representative from the government of each member state and sets overall policy. The Commission is the EU’s executive arm, responsible for implementing the decisions of the parliament and Council. It also has one representative from each member state. The European Parliament meets in Brussels and the French city of Strasbourg. It was established in 1952 but has changed a great deal since then and is the only European institution that is directly elected — under procedures introduced in 1979. Before then MEPs were appointed by national governments.

4. The European Parliament has three main roles — passing European laws, democratic supervision of the other EU institutions and authority, with the Council, over the Union’s budget. The parliament shares power equally with the Council on about two-thirds of proposals for EU legislation under a procedure known as co-decision. In some fields, such as agriculture, economic policy, visas and immigration, the Council alone legislates but must consult the parliament. The EU’s annual budget is decided jointly by the parliament and Council, and a parliamentary committee monitors how the budget is spent. The parliament can veto the appointment of the European Commission, whose members cannot be appointed without parliamentary approval. The parliament also monitors the work of the Council and can set up committees of inquiry based on petitions by EU citizens.

5. If the EU’s reform treaty (Lisbon treaty) is approved, the number of MEPs will be reduced and parliament’s powers will be enhanced. Co-decision would be extended to include such areas as agriculture, fisheries, legal migration, space and sport. Parliament’s budgetary powers would be extended to all EU expenditure. Parliament would have more powers over the appointment of the president of the Commission.

(Source: European Union portal site EUROPA — http://europa.eu)

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s