Obama’s Cabinet

While I was wondering if it would be right to have a separate Telangana, I stumbled upon US President Baracak Obama’s Cabinet. Unlike our country, they have 20 Cabinet members and here goes the interesting list.What is more worth reading is the factor which is quite funny and unique of each Cabinet.

1. State
Secretary of State  Hillary Clinton
With a staff of 28,053 employees: 11,467 foreign service officers, 7,802 foreign service nationals, 8,784 civil service employees, the department is responsible for any and all foreign affairs activities.

The secretary of state serves as the president’s chief foreign policy adviser. The department represents US interests in the international community, operates foreign assistance programs, fights international crime, provides foreign military training programs and provides services for American citizens abroad.

Established by an act of Congress in 1789, the department is the lead institution for American diplomacy. Six secretaries of state — Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe, John Quincy Adams, Martin Van Buren and James Buchanan — went on to serve as US president.

The US Legation building in Tangier, Morocco, is the oldest diplomatic property owned by the United States. It was a gift from the sultan of Morocco in 1821.

2. Treasury
Secretary of the Treasury Timothy F. Geithner

With a staff of more than 100,000 employees, the department is responsible for the financial security of the United States. Its responsibilities include managing federal finances; collecting taxes; producing coinage and currency; managing the public debt; advising on domestic and international monetary policy; and investigating and prosecuting tax evaders, counterfeiters and forgers.

The Treasury secretary serves on the boards of the International Monetary Fund, World Bank, Asian Development Bank, African Development Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and Inter-American Development Bank.

The secretary of the Treasury is one of the original Cabinet-level posts. Famous secretaries of the Treasury include Alexander Hamilton, whose image appears on the $10 bill, and millionaire industrialist Andrew Mellon.

In the early years of the nation, the Treasury’s security system at the U.S. Mint in Philadelphia was a watchdog named Nero, purchased for $3 in 1793. If the night watchman could not make the rounds, Nero patrolled the property on his own.

3. Defense
Secretary of Defense Robert Gates

With a staff of 1.3 million active-duty military, 669,281 civilian personnel, 1.1 million in National Guard and Reserve forces, 2 million military retirees, the department oversees branches of the U.S. military (Army, Navy, Air Force and Marine Corps) as they engage in military operations on behalf of the United States, provide humanitarian aid and peacekeeping, supply disaster relief and secure the homeland. The National Guard and Reserve forces provide wartime military support as well as fulfill key homeland security missions like relief from domestic natural disasters.

The department’s military and civilians are stationed in every time zone. More than 450,000 employees are overseas. The U.S. Army operates in 50 countries; the U.S. Navy is stationed in the Persian Gulf, the Far East and the Mediterranean Sea, among other places; and the U.S. Air Force flies missions each year into all but five countries worldwide.

The department is the United States’ oldest and largest government agency, with its roots dating back to before the nation won its independence. Called the Department of War until 1949, it was among the original Cabinet departments.

The Pentagon, the headquarters of the Department of Defense, has three times the floor space of the Empire State Building in New York. It has 45.5 kilometers (28.3 miles) of corridors, but it takes seven minutes or less to walk between any two points in the building.

4. Justice
Attorney General Eric Holder

With a staff of more than 100,000 employees nationwide, the department is the world’s largest law office, responsible for enforcing all federal laws. It is charged with combating terrorism, apprehending fugitives, locating missing persons, managing federal prisons and inmates, protecting civil liberties, investigating fraud, preventing crime, prosecuting crimes and helping victims of crime.

The Office of the Attorney General was created by the Judiciary Act of 1789 as one of the original Cabinet posts, but was intended to be a one-person, part-time position. As the workload increased, the number of assistants grew and much work was contracted to private attorneys. In 1870, Congress established the Department of Justice.

The Department’s motto is Qui Pro Domina Justitia Sequitur, or “who prosecutes on behalf of justice” (or literally, “the Lady Justice”).

5. Interior

Secretary of Interior Ken Salazar

With a staff of more than 67,000 employees and 180,000 volunteers at 2,400 operating locations throughout the United States, the department is the principal conservation agency of the United States. It manages land, water and energy needs. It also is responsible for scientific and geological research and works to conserve fish, wildlife and other natural resources.

Congress created the department in 1849 by combining parts of the existing departments of State, War, Navy and Treasury to form a new agency that exclusively would handle domestic affairs.

The department manages the U.S. National Park System, which includes cultural and recreational sites like monuments and national parks that attract millions of visitors every year. In addition, it provides services to the 562 federally recognized American Indian tribes that are treated as nations within a nation under US law.

The Department of the Interior manages 200 million hectares of land, or about one-fifth of all US sovereign territory.

6. Agriculture
Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack

With a staff of more than 100,000 employees, the department operates more than 300 programs in farm aid, food safety, nutrition, sustainable development of rural communities, expanding global markets for agricultural and forest products and services and many other tasks.

The department was established by Abraham Lincoln in 1862 when farmers made up more than half the country’s population. The secretary of agriculture was elevated to the Cabinet in 1889.

According to the statistics released by the department in 2000, the average American drinks 87.4 liters of milk each year.

7. Commerce
Secretary of Commerce Gary Locke

With a staff of 39,000 employees, the department’s diverse responsibilities include promoting business and industry within the United States and facilitating international trade. It also conducts the U.S. Census, updates weather and atmospheric conditions through the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), maintains economic statistics and houses the Patent and Trademark Office, which provides legal protection for intellectual property.

Originally created as the Department of Commerce and Labor in 1903, it became the Department of Commerce when a separate Labor Department was established in 1913. The department’s longest-serving secretary (7.5 years) was Herbert Hoover, a mining engineer who went on to be elected U.S. president.

The nation’s oldest public aquarium is housed in the basement of the department’s Herbert Hoover Building.

8. Labor
Secretary of Labor Hilda Solis

With a staff of 16,800 full-time employees, the department administers federal labor laws pertaining to worker safety and benefits, overtime pay and minimum hourly wage, freedom from employment discrimination and unemployment insurance.

The first executive department with authority over labor issues was the Department of Commerce and Labor, created in 1903. President William Howard Taft signed legislation to create a separate Department of Labor hours before he left office in 1913. The first woman to serve in a U.S. president’s Cabinet was Frances Perkins, who joined Franklin D. Roosevelt’s administration as secretary of labor in 1933.

The department’s Bureau of Labor Statistics compiles and publishes detailed information about how Americans spend their time, such as this summary of Thanksgiving Day activities.

9. Health and Human Services
Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius

With a staff of more than 64,000 employees, the department administers more than 300 programs that address public health, social science research, disease surveillance and prevention, and food and drug safety.

Originally created as the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare in 1953 under the Eisenhower administration, the department was reorganized in 1979 into the Department of Health and Human Services.

The department’s headquarters is the 1977 Hubert H. Humphrey Building, the first federal office building named for a person still living at the time of its construction. Humphrey, a former U.S. senator and vice president, died in 1978.

10. Housing and Urban Development
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Shaun Donovan

With a staff of 10,000 employees, most of whom work in 81 field offices throughout the nation, the department aims to ensure decent living environments for all Americans. It administers mortgage and loan insurance, grant programs to foster economic development and housing rehabilitation, rental assistance, public and subsidized housing, homeless assistance and fair housing public education and enforcement.

The department was created in 1965 by combining existing agencies in older federal departments as part of President Lyndon Johnson’s War on Poverty.

The department’s Federal Housing Administration is the world’s largest mortgage insurer, guaranteeing the mortgages on more than 34 million homes since 1934.

11. Transportation
Secretary of Transportation Ray LaHood

With a staff of 53,500 employees, the department promotes the safety and reliability of the various modes of passenger and cargo transportation — by air, rail, highway and pipeline. Key agencies include the Federal Aviation Administration, the Federal Railroad Administration, the Federal Highway Administration and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Established in 1966, the department once included the U.S. Coast Guard, but that service, along with other security-related agencies across the federal government, was transferred to the new Department of Homeland Security in 2003.

Maintenance of the 75,000-kilometer U.S. Interstate Highway System is made possible by the Interstate Construction Program administered by the Federal Highway Administration.

12. Energy
Secretary of Energy Steven Chu

With a staff of more than 11,000 employees, the department promotes energy security and scientific and technological innovation in energy policies, and works to ensure the environmentally safe disposal of nuclear waste.

Created in 1977, the department consolidated the Federal Energy Administration, the Energy Research and Development Administration, the Federal Power Commission and other energy-related agencies into one department.

If Chu is confirmed, he will be the 78th Nobel laureate affiliated with the Department of Energy or its predecessor agencies.

13. Education
Secretary of Education Arne Duncan

With a staff of 4,200 employees, the department sets national education priorities, collects and distributes research on education, distributes federal financial aid for education and works to ensure equal access to education. In the United States, state and local governments have primary control of education, and the department supports their efforts.

The original federal agency for education was created in 1867 to collect information on schools and teaching and to assist states in establishing effective school systems. The Department of Education was established as a Cabinet-level entity in 1980 by combining various agencies from other departments.

The department provides more than $91 billion each year in aid to college students.

14. Veterans Affairs
Veterans Affairs Secretary Eric Shinseki

With a staff of more than 240,000 employees, the department provides benefits and medical and rehabilitative services to 25 million military veterans. The department also manages the National Cemetery System, the final resting places for the bodies of veterans and their eligible family members.

The first U.S. Congress enacted a law establishing veteran benefits in 1789. Various government agencies administered veterans’ pensions and other benefits until the Veterans Administration was created in 1930. In 1989, the administration was recast as a full-fledged department and elevated to Cabinet rank.
A system of veterans’ benefits first appeared in the future United States in 1636 when the Pilgrims of Plymouth Colony, at war with the Pequot Indians, passed a law stipulating disabled soldiers would be supported by the colony.

15. Homeland Security
Secretary of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano

With a staff of approximately 180,000 employees, the department protects the nation from terrorist attacks (foreign and domestic) and provides emergency services after disasters. Bureaus within the department include Immigration and Customs Enforcement, the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the Transportation Security Agency and the U.S. Coast Guard.

The department, the newest in the executive branch, was created in 2003 in response to the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001.

The Department of Homeland Security takes a leading role in ensuring domestic security, but more than 87,000 different federal, state, and local jurisdictions have responsibilities in this effort.

16. White House Chief of Staff
White House Chief of Staff Rahm Emanuel

The chief of staff is a senior aide to the president in a post that has been described as a gatekeeper and the second most powerful man in Washington. He typically is involved in the president’s major decisions and frequently represents the president during negotiations with congressional leaders. Within the White House, the chief of staff manages the staff, sets the tone for the office operations and coordinates the work of the many offices within the Executive Office of the President.

The position, which is filled at the discretion of the president, was first established by President Dwight D. Eisenhower. Presidents John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson and, for a time, Jimmy Carter opted not to have a chief of staff.

Actor Martin Sheen has played both the president and the chief of staff in fictional accounts of the U.S. presidency, playing the chief of staff in the film The American President and the president on the popular television show The West Wing.

17. Environmental Protection
Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Lisa Jackson

With a staff of 17,000 employees, the agency develops and enforces regulations to protect and improve the environment, administers grants to support environmental programs, studies environmental issues and educates the public on environmental issues.

The EPA was established as an independent agency in December 1970 in response to widespread concerns about environmental degradation and pollution.

At the first “Earth Day” on April 22, 1970, some 20 million peaceful protestors demonstrated for more environmental stewardship. Earth Day now is observed annually in the United States with a variety of “Earth-friendly” activities.

18. Management and Budget
Office of Management and Budget Director Peter Orszag

With a staff of 489 employees, the office, known as the OMB, prepares the president’s annual budget proposal, which is submitted to Congress each year in early February. To do so, the OMB evaluates agency programs, assesses competing funding demands and sets funding priorities. The office also oversees the administration’s procurement, financial management, information collection and regulatory policies.

The Bureau of the Budget, the precursor to the office, was established in 1921 under the Department of Treasury. The office moved to the Executive Office of the President in 1939. It was given its current name, as well as expanded oversight authorities, in 1970 during the Nixon administration.

Charles Dawes, the first director of the office, was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1925.

19. U.S. Trade Representative
U.S. Trade Representative Ron Kirk

With a staff of more than 200 people in offices in Washington and Geneva, the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) is the president’s chief adviser and spokesperson on international trade policy. The USTR negotiates directly with foreign governments to create trade agreements and resolve disputes, and participates in global trade-policy organizations.

The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative was established by the Trade Expansion Act of 1962. Since then, 15 individuals, including three women, have served as U.S. Trade Representative, which comes with the title “ambassador.”

The United States is one of the most open markets in the world, with average agricultural tariffs of 12 percent (compared to the global average tariff of 62 percent).

20. U.S. Mission to the United Nations
United Nations Ambassador Susan Rice

WIth a staff along with members of the UN delegation, which includes Ambassador Rice, there are about 100 staffers in the New York City office, located near the United Nations headquarters, an important function of the mission is to keep the Department of State informed of events at the United Nations. Mission officers report on meetings and make recommendations to the State Department on courses of action the United States should pursue in the world organization. Different sections of the mission represent the United States’ political, economic, legal and social interests at UN meetings.

The United Nations, a term coined by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, was established in October 1945 by 51 countries who agreed to work together to maintain peace and security. Today there are 192 member countries. In 1947 the U.S. Mission was created by the United Nations Participation Act to assist the president and the Department of State in conducting U.S. policy at the United Nations.

U.S. missions to UN offices are also established in Vienna, Rome, Geneva and Paris.

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